The author emphasizes his basic opposition to the use of external incisions in surgical rhinoplasty with only a few minor exceptions. External incisions are justifiable in only a limited number of cases, and when they are published these cases should be exceptional indeed and not suggested as an alternative technique or as an innovation to be used on a routine basis. The endonasal approach should be used in the vast majority of aesthetic rhinoplasties with only a few exceptions mentioned here.
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Rogers BO: John Orlando Roe-not Jacques Joseph —The Father of Aesthetic Rhinoplasty. Aesth Plast Surg10:63, 1986
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Vilar-Sancho, B. The use and abuse of external incisions in rhinoplasties. Aesth. Plast. Surg. 13, 63–64 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01570328
- Rhinoplasty, aesthetic
- Endonasal surgery
- External incisions, drawbacks