SixLegionella-like organisms were isolated from the evaporative air conditioning system of a bus in South Australia. All six isolates were presumptively identified as legionellae by their growth requirement forl-cysteine and their cellular branched-chain fatty acids. They were serologically distinct from other legionellae in the slide agglutination test. DNA hybridization studies showed that the six isolates belong to a new species ofLegionella, Legionella quinlivanii (ATCC 43830).
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