Current Microbiology

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 317–322 | Cite as

Serratia species isolated from plants

  • Patrick A. D. Grimont
  • Francine Grimont
  • Mortimer P. Starr


Using the selective caprylate-thallous agar medium, the presence ofSerratia species was systematically examined in 623 plant samples. A total of 167Serratia strains was isolated from these plant samples and identified to species and biogroups. Uniform and characteristicSerratia populations were found in figs and coconuts: (i)Serratia ficaria was recovered from most figs collected in California, Tunisia, and France; various biotypes ofS. marcescens also were found in figs; (ii) onlyS. marinorubra was recovered from coconuts bought on two continents. From plants other than figs and coconuts, representatives were isolated of all eightSerratia species we presently recognize—with a large preponderance ofS. liquefaciens andS. proteamaculans. These other plant samples fell into threeSerratia-prevalence groups: (i) vegetables-mushrooms-mosses-decaying plant material (53.8% of these samples were positive forSerratia); (ii) grasses (23.7% positive); and (iii) trees and shrubs-small plants (8.4% positive). PigmentedS. marcescens biotypes were rarely isolated from plants (except from figs). Of theS. marcescens biogroups most frequently encountered in nosocomial and iatrogenic infections of man, A3 and A4 were isolated from plants in this study, but A5/8 and TCT were not.


Agar Plant Material Agar Medium Plant Sample Serratia 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick A. D. Grimont
    • 1
  • Francine Grimont
    • 1
  • Mortimer P. Starr
    • 2
  1. 1.Service des Entérobactéries, Unité INSERM 199Institut PasteurParis Cedex 15France
  2. 2.Department of BacteriologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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