Measurement of stress-strain relationship and stress relaxation in various synthetic ligaments

  • R. Kdolsky
  • R. Reihsner
  • R. Schabus
  • R. J. Beer
Originals Biomechanics


In an experimental study various synthetic augmentation devices for knee ligament surgery were tested in a servo-mechanical universal tensile testing machine under uniaxial loading. Two tests were done to elucidate the mechanical behaviour: stress relaxation and stress-strain relationship. Regarding the point of failure or rupture, the strongest ligament was the Trevira et 1800 N, followed by the 8-mm-wide Kennedy LAD at 1720 N. At a working load of 500 N the Gore-tex band, the Trevira, and the Kennedy-LAD stretched by between 2% and 3%. For synthetic augmentation in repair of proximally ruptured anterior cruciate ligaments we recommend a synthetic ligament that reaches failure point at a load of more than 1000 N with an alteration in length of less than 5%. Otherwise, stress protection of the biological reconstruction in full extension will be impossible. The requisite criteria were fulfilled by the Trevira, Kennedy-LAD and Gore-tex synthetic ligaments.

Key words

Knee ligament surgery Synthetic augmentation devices Mechanical behaviour Uniaxial loading 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kdolsky
    • 1
  • R. Reihsner
    • 2
  • R. Schabus
    • 1
  • R. J. Beer
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of TraumatologyUniversity of viennaAustria
  2. 2.Departement of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of ViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institute of Strength of MaterialUniversity of TechnologyViennaAustria

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