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Intersexuality and the diagnosis of gender identity disorder

Abstract

Problems of gender identity development are the core concern in the psychosocial management of medical conditions involving ambiguous genitalia. This report discusses the difficulties encountered in applying the DSM category and criteria of Gender Identity Disorder (GID) to such patients. Data on prevalence, age of onset or presentation, sex ratio, and associated or predictive factors also suggest marked differences between intersex patients with gender identity problems and nonintersex patients with GID. Patients with intersexuality or similar medical conditions should be excluded from the GID diagnosis.

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Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F.L. Intersexuality and the diagnosis of gender identity disorder. Arch Sex Behav 23, 21–40 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01541616

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Key words

  • gender identity disorder
  • hermaphroditism
  • intersexuality
  • DSM-IV