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Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 116, Issue 1, pp 23–32 | Cite as

Neurosurgical experience with tumours of the pineal region at Clinica Puerta de Hierro

  • J. Vaquero
  • J. Ramiro
  • R. Martínez
  • G. Bravo
Clinical Articles

Summary

The clinicopathological experience with 50 cases of pineal region tumours at Clinica Puerta de Hierro is presented. In this series, 88% of the patients were evaluated by CT-scan. Pineal region tumours make up approximately 0.7% of the intracranial expansive processes in the Spanish population. The largest group of lesions appearing in this localization is that of the germinomas (38%), followed by nontumoural lesions (20%) and tumours generally considered to be of the vicinity, such as meningiomas, gliomas and metastases (18%), tumours of the pineal parenchyma (14%), and non-germinoma germinal tumours (10%).

In our series, in addition to an intracranial hypertension syndrome, an ophthalmological and, to a minor degree, an endocrinological syndrome predominate in germ-cell tumours, with a cerebellar syndrome appearing in gliomas of the pineal region.

All the patients in the series diagnosed as having a germinoma and treated by irradiation are alive, and free of disease, after follow-up ranging from 2 to 20 years (mean: 8 years). The experience obtained with the present series supports the opinion that, in radiosensitive tumours, surgical resection adds no therapeutic benefit to treatment with radiotherapy alone.

We suggest that when dealing with a tumour of the pineal region, CT-scan and clinical assessment now permit an initial selection of patients susceptible to surgery as a first therapeutic option, indicating those patients who, because they are considered to have either a “probable germinoma” or a “tumour of uncertain diagnosis”, should undergo stereotaxic biopsy or trial radiotherapy and, only when this has proved a failure, should be subjected to open surgery.

Keywords

Brain tumour pineal tumour radiation therapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Vaquero
    • 1
  • J. Ramiro
    • 1
  • R. Martínez
    • 1
  • G. Bravo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, Clinica Puerta de HierroAutonomous UniversityMadridSpain

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