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Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 116, Issue 1, pp 6–13 | Cite as

Cognitive deficits after rupture and early repair of anterior communicating artery aneurysms

  • B. O. Hütter
  • J. M. Gilsbach
Clinical Articles

Summary

In a retrospective follow-up study covering a time period of four years 18 patients operated upon early for an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) and a control group of 21 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) from other sources than ACoA aneurysm and 9 patients with SAH of nonaneurysmal origin were subjected to neuropsychological examination. Both groups were comparable in their neurological condition on admission and in the severity of bleeding seen on CT-scan. Testing included memory functions, concentration, logical and spatial thinking, a Stroop-test, an aphasia screening test and a complex choice reaction task. Patients with SAH of a ruptured ACoA aneurysm did not differ significantly from the control group in any of the tests used. But there was a trend for the ACoA patients to have more memory problems than the patients with SAH of other origins. On the other hand the patients in the control group with aneurysmal SAH of other locations and with non-aneurysmal SAH had not significantly more problems with concentration and aphasia than the patients with ruptured ACoA aneurysm. These results, which differ from the common opinion of frequent occurrence of memory deficits in ACoA aneurysms are interpreted as a consequence of the changes in improved pre-, intra- and postoperative management in modern neurosurgery.

Keywords

Cognitive deficits anterior communicating artery ruptured aneurysm early operation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. O. Hütter
    • 1
  • J. M. Gilsbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurosurgical DepartmentTechnical University (RWTH) AachenFederal Republic of Germany

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