Computers and translation

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 21–36 | Cite as

A software tool for research in linguistics and lexicography: Application to Somali

  • Jacqueline Lecarme
  • Carole Maury
Article

Abstract

General-purpose database management systems, whose structure is built in, are not an appropriate solution to situations where problems of translation or areas of research cannot be bounded in advance, for example, when lexicography and linguistic research are closely related. Consequently, an original system has been developed, and is being applied to linguistic and lexicographical data on the Somali language.

References

  1. Abraham, R. C. 1964. Somali-English dictionary. London: University of London Press.Google Scholar
  2. Andrzejewski, Bogumil N. 1979. Language reform in Somalia and the modernization of the Somali vocabulary. Northern Africa Studies 1:3.59–71.Google Scholar
  3. Bratley, Paul, and Serge Lusignan. 1976. Information processing in dictionary making: Some technical guidelines. Computers and the Humanities 10.133–43.Google Scholar
  4. Burrus, Victoria A. 1983. Procedures and progress on the dictionary of the old Spanish language. Computers and the Humanities 17.209–14.Google Scholar
  5. Caney, John C. 1984. The modernization of Somali vocabulary, with particular reference to the period from 1972 to the present. Hamburg: Hemlut Buske.Google Scholar
  6. Cardona, Giorgio R., and Francesco Agostini. 1981. (eds.) Studi Somali 1: Fonologia e lessico. Istituto Linguistico del Magistero, University of Rome.Google Scholar
  7. Cercone, Nick, and Randy Goebel. 1983. Data bases and knowledge representation for literary and linguistic studies. Computers and the Humanities 17.121–37.Google Scholar
  8. Cerulli, Enrico. 1957, 1959, and 1964. Somalia: Scritti vari editi ed inediti. Rome: Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato.Google Scholar
  9. Codd, Edgar. 1970. A relational model of large shared data banks. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 13.377–87.Google Scholar
  10. Dahan, Colette, Pierre Dehilotte, Frédérique Gadéa, and Francis Sanchez. 1984. Un outil lexicographique d'aide à la gestion linguistique. Internal report, Laboratoire d'Informatique, Université de Nice.Google Scholar
  11. Dizionario somalo-italiano. 1985. Cooperazione italiana allo sviluppo. Rome: Gangemi editore.Google Scholar
  12. Gragg, Gene B., and Terfa Kumsa. 1982. Oromo dictionary. African Studies Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.Google Scholar
  13. Henderson, Michael. 1982. M. T. Microcomputers and large data bases. Computers and the Humanities 16.219–22.Google Scholar
  14. Hussein, Mohammed Adam. 1983. Language, national consciousness and identity: The Somali experience. Nationalism and self-determination in the Horn of Africa, ed. by Ian M. Lewis. London: Ithaca Press.Google Scholar
  15. Hyman, Larry M. 1981. Tonal accent in Somali. Studies in African Linguistics 12.2.Google Scholar
  16. Jensen, Kathleen, and Niklaus Wirth. 1974. Pascal: User manual and report. Berlin: Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  17. Karttunen, Frances, and Robert A. Amsler. 1983. Computer-assisted compilation of a Nahuatl dictionary. Computers and the Humanities 17.175–84.Google Scholar
  18. Lecarme, Jacqueline. 1985. On Somali complement constructions. Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Somali Studies, Vol. 1: Linguistics and literature, ed. by Thomas Labahn. Hamburg: Helmut Buske.Google Scholar
  19. Maury, Carole. 1983. Un outil lexicographique d'aide à la recherche linguistique: Application à la langue somalie. Internal report, Laboratoire d'Informatique, Université de Nice.Google Scholar
  20. Moreno, Mario. 1955. Il Somalo della Somalia. Rome: Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato.Google Scholar
  21. Nitti, John J. 1978. Computers and the Old Spanish dictionary. Computers and the Humanities 12.Google Scholar
  22. Philibert, Christophe. 1976. Petit lexique Somali-Français. Paris: Klincksieck.Google Scholar
  23. Reinisch, Leo. 1902. Die Somali Sprache, II: Wörterbuch, Somali-Deutsch, Deutsch-Somali. Vienna: Alfred Hölder.Google Scholar
  24. Saeed, John I. 1984. The syntax of focus and topic in Somali. Hambrug: Helmut Buske.Google Scholar
  25. Stepanjenko, D. I., and Mohammed Haji Osman. 1969. Kratikiy Somali-Russkiy i Russko-Somali Slovav (A concise Somali-Russian and Russian-Somali dictionary). Moscow: Isdatel'stvo ‘Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya’.Google Scholar
  26. Ullman, Jeffrey D. 1980. Principles of database systems. Potomac, Maryland: Computing Science Press.Google Scholar
  27. Yaasiin, Ciisman Keenadiid. 1976. Qaamuuska af-Soomaaliga (A dictionary of the Somali language). Wasaaradda Hiddaha iyo Tacliinta Sare, Akadeemiyaha Dhaqanka, Guddiga Af Soomaaliga (Ministry of Higher Education and Culture, Academy of Culture, Somali Language Commission). Mogadishu and Florence.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paradigm Press, Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Lecarme
    • 1
  • Carole Maury
    • 2
  1. 1.CNRS-LLAOR (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Langues et Langages en Afrique Orientale)Valbonne-Sophia AntipolisFrance
  2. 2.TélémécaniqueValbonne-Sophia AntipolisFrance

Personalised recommendations