The rationale for computer-based treatment of language difficulties in nonspeaking autistic children
- 323 Downloads
Some principles are described which underlie a computer-based treatment method for language difficulties in nonspeaking autistic children. These children are assumed to be dissymbolic with a primary difficulty in processing any type of symbols, language being the most important symbolic system used in human communication. The main treatment principle involved the encouragement of exploratory play with a keyboard-controlled audio-visual display on which symbols can be made to appear accompanied by human-voice and other sounds. Adult interference is minimized so a child can self-select and self-direct his own play. It is reported that, thus far, 13 out of 17 nonspeaking autistic children have shown linguistic improvement. The 4 cases of failure to improve were children who refused to play with the display device.
KeywordsTreatment Method Autistic Child Main Treatment Human Communication Display Device
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Churchill, D. W. The relation of infantile autism and early childhood schizophrenia to developmental language disorders of childhood.Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1972,2, 182–197.Google Scholar
- Colby, K. M., & Smith, D. C. Computers in the treatment of nonspeaking autistic children. In J. H. Masserman (Ed.),Current psychiatric therapies. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1971.Google Scholar
- Fay, W. H. On normal and autistic pronouns.Journal of Speech and Hearing, 1969,36, 242–249.Google Scholar
- Frith, U. Cognitive mechanisms in autism: Experiments with color and tone sequence production.Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1972,2, 160–173.Google Scholar
- Harlow, H.Motivation as a factor in the acquisition of new responses. Current theory and research in motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1953.Google Scholar
- Hermelin, B., & O'Connor, N.Psychological experiments with autistic children. London: Pergamon Press, 1970.Google Scholar
- Nissen, H. W. The nature of the drive an innate determinant of behavior organization.Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1954,9, 308.Google Scholar
- Rutter, M., Bartak, L., & Newman, S. Autism-a central disorder of cognition and language? In M. Rutter (Ed.),Infantile autism. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1971.Google Scholar