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Adolescents' self-perceptions of their strengths

Abstract

A sample of 960 adolescents drawn from the general population was asked to complete a 22-item scale relating to their self-perceived strengths. The mean score for the 492 boys was 14.9 and that for the 486 girls was 14.4; the difference was not statistically significant. There were, nevertheless, differences for some of the items. In particular, more boys saw themselves as good at sport, confident, popular, having lots of hobbies, and attractive, while more girls saw themselves as reliable, kind, independent, and affectionate. Regression analysis suggested that boys' strengths depended upon parent, peer and school attachment, part-time work, and the number of physical activities with which they were involved. Girls' strengths were best predicted by parent attachment and the number of physical activities with which they were involved.

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The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit is supported by Medical Research of New Zealand. It also draws upon the involvement of several departments of the University of Otago.

Received B.Sc. (Hons.) from University of Hull (U.K.). Research interests include child health.

Received Ph.D. from University of N.S.W. (Aust.). Research interests include child and adolescent mental health.

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Williams, S., McGee, R. Adolescents' self-perceptions of their strengths. J Youth Adolescence 20, 325–337 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01537400

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Keywords

  • Physical Activity
  • Regression Analysis
  • General Population
  • Health Psychology
  • Parent Attachment