Recklessness, depression, and reasons for living in predicting suicidality in college students

Abstract

To assess the predictive value of recklessness in suicidality, 155 college students took the Sommerfeldt-Clark Adolescent Experience Scale (S-C), Zung Self-Rating Depression scale, Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL), and the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI). The S-C Suicidal Tendencies subscale accounted for the most variance in suicidality (26.0%) and Coping Beliefs of the Reasons for Living subscale accounted for additional variance (5.6%). Further, the S-C was moderately internally consistent (Cronbach alpha=.83) and had adequate validity, as indicated by significant correlations in the expected directions with the SSI total score (r=.25, p< .01), and RFL total score (r= −.28, p<.001). Recklessness was not a component of suicidality among those non-clinical older adolescents, but may be a factor in clinical or younger samples of adolescents.

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Correspondence to Lillian M. Range.

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Received M.A. in Psychology from Xavier University, Ohio. Research interests include suicide, eating disorders, and adolescence.

Received Ph.D. from Georgia State University. Research interest: suicide.

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Roehrig, H.R., Range, L.M. Recklessness, depression, and reasons for living in predicting suicidality in college students. J Youth Adolescence 24, 723–729 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01536953

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Keywords

  • College Student
  • Health Psychology
  • Suicide Ideation
  • Depression Scale
  • Additional Variance