Immune abnormalities in patients with autism

  • Reed P. Warren
  • Nadine C. Margaretten
  • Nancy C. Pace
  • Ann Foster


We have begun an investigation on the immune systems of patients with autism in attempt to determine if immune mechanisms are involved in the development of this severe developmental disorder. A study of 31 autistic patients has revealed several immune-system abnormalities, including reduced responsiveness in the lymphocyte blastogenesis assay to phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, and pokeweed mitogen; decreased numbers of T lymphocytes; and an altered ratio of helper to suppressor T cells. Immune-system abnormalities may be directly related to underlying biologic processes of autism, or these changes may be an indirect reflection of the actual pathologic mechanism.


Reflection Immune System Developmental Disorder Concanavalin Immune Mechanism 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reed P. Warren
    • 2
  • Nadine C. Margaretten
    • 2
  • Nancy C. Pace
    • 2
  • Ann Foster
    • 1
  1. 1.Primary Children's Medical CenterSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Utah State UniversityLogan

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