Human Ecology

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 1–28 | Cite as

Female subsistence strategies among Ache hunter-gatherers of Eastern Paraguay

  • Ana Magdalena Hurtado
  • Kristen Hawkes
  • Kim Hill
  • Hillard Kaplan


Anthropologists have frequently proposed that sexual division of labor is produced by childcare constraints on women's subsistence work. We present data on the forest activities of Ache women that show that differences in parental investment partially account for variation in food acquisition among individual women. Data also suggest that childcare constraints are important in understanding the sexual division of labor.

Key words

women hunter-gatherers sexual division of labor childcare subsistence work 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Magdalena Hurtado
    • 1
  • Kristen Hawkes
  • Kim Hill
    • 1
  • Hillard Kaplan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake City

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