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The Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 291–298 | Cite as

Cross section for thermal-neutron absorption and resonance absorption integral in Pu240

  • P. A. Krupchitsky
Article
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

Using the oscillating reactor method the cross section for the absorption of thermal neutrons neutrons and the resonance absorption integral in the isotope Pu240 have been measured. The measurements were performed at two positions inside the heavy-water reactor of the Academy of Sciences, USSR; in the lattice and in the thermal column. Plutonium samples with three different abundances of the isotopes Pu239, Pu240 and Pu241 were used. The oscillations in the power level produced by excursions of the samples were recorded with a recording potentiometer. To avoid self-shielding effects, the dependence of sample effect on plutoniuni weight was investigated. To determine the spectral composition of the neutron ilux in the lattice and in the column the cadmium ratio for indium was measured. The values for the cross sections in Pu240 are as follows in the column — (560 ± 35) barns, in the lattice — (1010 ± 120) barns. The cross section for absorption of thermal neutrons in Pu240 was found to be σT = (460 ± 45) barns and the resonance absorption integral — Σ = (10,000 ± 2,800) barns. The value obtained for the thermal neutron cross section agrees with a contribution in the thermal cross section from a resonance level at E0 ≃ 1 ev. This indicates the absence of strong levels in Pu240 in the energy region from 1 ev down to negative values and also indicates that in the thermal-neutron region the cross section in Pu240 varies according to a 1/v law.

Keywords

Plutonium Thermal Neutron Spectral Composition Resonance Absorption Strong Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau 1957

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Krupchitsky

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