Political Behavior

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 385–410 | Cite as

The electoral connection in Australia: Candidate roles, campaign activity, and the popular vote

  • Donley T. Studlar
  • Ian McAllister


Studies of representational roles usually examine elected representatives rather than election candidates and make little attempt to link roles with either behavior or the popular vote that candidates attract. In this paper, we use 1990 Australian data to examine all major party election candidates, and show that candidates identify with three types of representational roles:locals, who focus on articulating local concerns and interests;partisans, who see their role in party political terms; andlegislators, who emphasize the parliamentary role of an elected representative. Incumbents, especially party leaders, focus on the partisan role. Candidates in each of these three types have different views of the qualities that a candidate should possess and emphasize different forms of campaign activity. In turn, these roles have a modest impact on the popular vote that candidates attract, net of other factors. In Australia, incumbents rely on national partisan forces for reelection, while challengers rely much more on their own efforts.


Electoral Connection Party Leader Campaign Activity Major Party Political Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donley T. Studlar
    • 1
  • Ian McAllister
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceWest Virginia UniversityMorgantown
  2. 2.Department of PoliticsUniversity of New South WalesCanberraAustralia

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