Environmental Management

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 565–577 | Cite as

Forest planning in an Oregon case study: Defining the problem and attempting to meet goals with a spatial-analysis technique

  • Pete Bettinger
  • K. Norman Johnson
  • John Sessions


Five major management goals were identified for the upper Grande Ronde River Basin on the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest in northeastern Oregon: to produce high-quality fish habitat, to maintain elk habitat, to restore and maintain forest conditions within the natural range of viability, and to contribute to community economic stability. From the broad goals, specific goals for stream temperature, habitat effectiveness index (HEI), habitat corridors, maintenance of land in late or old seral stages, and a nondeclining even flow of timber were selected. A case study was undertaken in a small watershed that is under typical societal constraints to determine whether one decisionsupport tool, SNAP II+, could evaluate the selected goals in a single planning exercise. Three riparian management strategies and two forest road scenarios were used. The exclusion of harvest and road-building from riparian zones in order to increase habitat protection decreased harvest levels and net present value but maintained preactivity stream temperatures. Other resources were generally maintained within prescribed management levels. Although the technique has limitations (e.g., it does not account for riparian zones in calculations of forage and cover for HEI, and it can use the maximum but not minimum acreage goal for some resources), it shows promise for evaluating management tradeoffs in watershed analysis.

Key words

Forest management Forest planning Mathematical programming Fisheries resources 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pete Bettinger
    • 1
  • K. Norman Johnson
    • 1
  • John Sessions
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest ResourcesOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Forest EngineeringOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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