Exact solution of linear equations usingP-adic expansions
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A method is described for computing the exact rational solution to a regular systemAx=b of linear equations with integer coefficients. The method involves: (i) computing the inverse (modp) ofA for some primep; (ii) using successive refinements to compute an integer vector\(\bar x\) such that\(A\bar x \equiv b\) (modp m ) for a suitably large integerm; and (iii) deducing the rational solutionx from thep-adic approximation\(\bar x\). For matricesA andb with entries of bounded size and dimensionsn×n andn×1, this method can be implemented in timeO(n3(logn)2) which is better than methods previously used.
Subject classifications(MR 1980) AMS(MOS) 65F05, 15A06, 10M10, 10A30 CR: 5.14
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