Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 192–199 | Cite as

Effects of suggestions on inner-city children: Implications for role playing

  • John Samorajczyk


This research was designed to investigate the possibility of differences in suggestibility between white middle-class children and Negro inner-city children. A random sample of 30 Negro first-grade Ss was presented with imagination suggestions of the Barber Suggestibility Scale. These results were compared to reported data for white first-grade Ss of a suburban community. No significant effects due to sex, group, or interaction effects were detected. In addition, 30 Negro Ss were given motivational suggestions to enhance their performances on a hand dynamometer. A significant difference was detected in comparison to 30 Ss in a control group who received no motivational suggestions. Correlations were also reported between those who were more or less influenced by both imagination and motivational suggestions. The results are discussed in terms of role enactment ability, role playing, and the teaching of task-oriented behaviors.


Interaction Effect Random Sample Social Psychology Role Playing Role Enactment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Samorajczyk J: Children's responsiveness to imagination suggestions during school entry.Develop Psychol 1:211–15, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernheim H:Hypnosis and Suggestion in Psychotherapy: A Treatise on the Nature and Uses of Hypnotism, translated by C A Herter from 2d revised ed. New Hyde Park, NY, University Books, 1964. (Originally published in 1888.)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baudouin C:Suggestion et autosuggestion, 2d ed. Paris, Delachaux et Niestlé, 1921.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Binet A:La suggestibilité. Paris, Schleicher Fréres, 1900.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pavlov IP:Conditioned Reflexes. London, Oxford University Press, 1927.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hull CL:Hypnosis and Suggestibility: An Experimental Approach. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc, 1933.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sarbin TR: Contributions to role-taking theory: I. Hypnotic behavior.Psychol Rev 57:255–70, 1950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Barber TX: Experimental analysis of “hypnotic” behavior: Review of recent empirical findings.J Abn Psychol 70:132–54, 1965.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Messerschmidt RO: Responses of boys between ages of 5 and 16 to Hull's postural suggestion test.J Genet Psychol 43:405–21, 1933.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barber TX, Calverley DS: “Hypnotic-like” suggestibility in children and adults.J Abn Soc Psychol 66:589–97, 1963.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Barber TX: Measuring “hypnotic-like” suggestibility with and without “hypnotic induction”: Psychometric properties, norms, and variables influencing response to the Barber Suggestibility Scale (BSS).Psychol Reports 16:809–44, Monograph supp 3-v16, 1965.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Samorajczyk J: Children's responsiveness to motivational suggestions during school entry.Research Q 40:546–51, 1969.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Parker PD, Barber TX: Hypnosis, task-motivating instructions, and learning performance.J Abn Soc Psychol 69:499–504, 1964.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kerlinger F:Foundations of Behavioral Research. New York, Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, Inc, 1964.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Underwood B, Duncan C, Spence J, et al:Elementary Statistics. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc, 1954.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gellhorn E: The physiology of the supraspinal mechanisms. In W Johnson (Ed),Science and Medicine of Exercise and Sports. New York, Harper & Bros, 1960.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Behavioral Publications, Inc. 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Samorajczyk
    • 1
  1. 1.Hamilton Children's CenterHyattsville

Personalised recommendations