Plant and Soil

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 297–310 | Cite as

Aluminium uptake and toxicity in plants

  • L. H. Jones


Mobile aluminium has been found to be present in fly-ash deposits at high pH values. The problem of how plants can absorb aluminium from the anionic form is discussed, and it is suggested that organic acids produced by the plants may act as chelating agents which prevent precipitation of aluminium at physiological pH values. This hypothesis is used as the basis for an explanation of the different responses shown by various ecological groups of plants to excess aluminium.


Precipitation Aluminium Toxicity Plant Physiology Organic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Allen, R. C., Influence of aluminium on flower colour ofHydrangea macrophylla. Contr. Boyce Thomp. Inst.13, 211 (1943).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Briggs, G. E. and Robertson, R. N., Apparent free space. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol.8, 11 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chenery, E. M., Aluminium in plants and its relation to plant pigments. Ann. Botany N.S.12, 121 (1948).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    De Kock, P. C. and Mitchell, R. L., Uptake of chelated metals by plants. Soil Sci.84, 55–62 (1957).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Elbeih, I. M. M., McOmbie, J. F. W., and Pollard, F. H., The application to qualitative analysis of the separation of inorganic metallic compounds on filter paper by partition chromatography. Discussions Faraday Soc.7, 183 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Greenshields, R., A chromatographic method for studying simple compounds in plants. Nature181, 280 (1958).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hutchinson, G. E., The biogeochemistry of aluminium and certain related elements. Quart. Rev. Biol.18, 1–29, 129–153, 242–262, 331–363 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jones, L. H. and Thurman, D. A., The determination of aluminium in soil, ash and plant materials using Eriochrome Cyanine R.A. Plant and Soil9, 131 (1957).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maclean, F. T. and Gilbert, B. E., The relative aluminium tolerance of crop plants. Soil Sci.24, 163 (1927).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Magistad, O. C., The aluminium content of the soil solution and its relation to soil reaction and plant growth. Soil Sci.20, 181 (1925).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Piper, C. S., Soil and Plant Analysis. Waite Agricultural Research Institute Monograph, University of Adelaide (1942).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rees, W. J. and Sidrak, G. H., Plant growth on fly-ash. Nature176, 352 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rees, W. J. and Sidrak, G. H., Plant nutrition on fly-ash. Plant and Soil8, 141 (1956).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reeves, W. A. and Crumpler, T. B., Paper partition chromatography of cations. Anal. Chem.23, 1576 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Roberts, R. B., Abelson, P. H., Dean, B. C., Bolton, E. T., and Britten, R. J., Studies of biosynthesis inEscherichia coli. Carnegie Inst. of Washington Publ.607, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Small, J., “pH and Plants”. Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, London (1946).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wallihan, E. F., The influence of aluminium on the phosphorus nutrition of plants Am. J. Botany35, 106–112 (1948).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wolf, B., Rapid photometric determination of total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in plant material. Ind. Eng. Chem. Anal. Ed.16, 121 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wright, K. E., Internal precipation of phosphorus in relation to aluminium toxicity. Plant Physiol.18, 718 (1943).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wright, K. E., Aluminium toxicity, microchemical tests for inorganically bound phosphorus. Plant Physiol.20, 310 (1945).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wright, K. W. and Donaghue, B. A., Inactivation of phosphorus in roots by aluminium. Plant Physiol.28, 675 (1953).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. H. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentUniversity of BirminghamEngland

Personalised recommendations