Advertisement

Bazaar-mosque alliance: The social basis of revolts and revolutions

  • Ahmad Ashraf
Changing Social Orders: Politics, Religion and States in Four Societies

Keywords

Social Psychology Political Psychology Social Basis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adamiyyat, F., (1976),Ideolozhi-ye Nehzat-e Mashrutiyyat-e Iran, Tehran, 1355/1976.Google Scholar
  2. Adamiyyat, F. and Nateq, H., (1977),Afkar-e Ejtema'i va Siyasi va Eqtesadi dar Athar-e Montasher Nashoda-ye Dowra-ye Qajariyya, Tehran, 1356/1977.Google Scholar
  3. Algar, H., (1969),Religion and State in Iran, 1785–1906; The Role of the Ulama in the Qajar Period, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  4. Algar, H. (1972), “The Oppositional Role of the Ulama in Twentieh Century Iran,” in N.R. Keddie, ed.,Scholars, Saints, and Sufis: Muslim Religious Institutions in the Middle East Since 1500, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  5. Ashraf, A., (1980),Mavane'-e Tarikhi-ye Roshd-e Sarmaya Dari dar Iran, Dowraye Qajariya, Tehran, 1359/1980.Google Scholar
  6. Ashraf, A. (1981), “The Roots of Emerging Dual Class Structure in Nineteenth Century Iran,”Iranian Studies, Vol. 14, pp. 5–27.Google Scholar
  7. Ashraf, A. and Hekmat, H., (1980), “Merchants and Artisans and the Developmental Processes of Nineteenth-Century Iran,” In A. Udovitch (Ed.),The Islamic Middle East: 700–1900, Studies in Economic and Social History, (pp. 725–750). Princeton.Google Scholar
  8. Ashraf, A. and Banuazizi, A., (1985), “The State, Classes, and Modes of Mobilization in the Iranian Revolution,” inState, Culture, and Society, 1 (3), 3–40.Google Scholar
  9. Askarowladi, H., (1983, June 4), “Panzdah-e Khordad,” inEttela'at, p. 7.Google Scholar
  10. Badamchian, A., (1987), “Asrar-e Posht-e Parda-ye Salha-ye 56–57,” inResalat, Jan. 25 to March 31, 1987.Google Scholar
  11. Banuazizi and Ashraf, (1980),Tarkib-e Qeshrhay-e Ejtema'i va Taharrok-e Shogli dar Tehran va Shiraz, Tehran, Bureau of Social Planning, 1359/1980.Google Scholar
  12. Bazargan, M. (1984),Engelab-e Iran dar Dow Harekat, Tehran, 1363/1984.Google Scholar
  13. Bonine, M., (1980),Yazd and its hinterland, Marburg/Lahn.Google Scholar
  14. Bonine, M., (1981), “Shops and Shopkeepers: Dynamics of an Iranian Provincial Bazaar.” In M. Bonine and N. Keddie, (Eds.),Modern Iran, The Dialectics of Continuity and Change pp. 233–258. Albany.Google Scholar
  15. Browne, E., (1910),The Persian Revolution of 1905–1909, London.Google Scholar
  16. Clarke, J.I., (1963),The Iranian City of Shiraz, University of Durham, Department of Geography, Research Paper Series No. 7, Durham, England.Google Scholar
  17. Clarke, J.I. & Clark, B.D., (1969),Kermanshah, An Iranian Provincial City, University of Durham, Department of Geography, Research Paper Series No. 10, Durham, England.Google Scholar
  18. Costello, V. F., (1976),Kashan: A City and Region in Iran, London.Google Scholar
  19. Cottam, R., (1979),Nationalism in Iran, Pittsburg.Google Scholar
  20. Crossick, G. and Haupt, H., (1984), “Shopkeepers, master artisans and the historian: the petite bourgeoisie in comparative focus,” in Crossick and Haupt, eds.,Shopkeepers and Master Artisans in Nineteenth-Century Europe, London.Google Scholar
  21. Davani, A., (1979),Nehzat-e Ruhaniyun-e Iran, Tehran, 10 Vols. 1358/1979.Google Scholar
  22. Dowlatabadi, Y., (1947–52), Hayat-e Yahya, Tehran, vol. 1, 1326/1947; vol. 2, 1327/1948; vol. 3, 1330/1951; and vol. 4, 1331/1952.Google Scholar
  23. EI2, (1954-),Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second ed.Google Scholar
  24. English, P., (1966),City and Village in Iran, Settlement and Economy in the Kirman Basin, Madison.Google Scholar
  25. Fischer, M. (1980),Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  26. Floor, W., (1975), The Guilds in Iran, an Overview,” inZeitschrift der Deutchen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, No. 125, pp. 99–116.Google Scholar
  27. Floor, W., (1976), “The Merchants (tujjar) in Qajar Iran,” inZeitschrift der Deutchen Morgenlandischen Gessellschaft, No. 126, pp. 101–135.Google Scholar
  28. FO, (1906–08), Great Britain, Foreign Ofice,Ketab-e Abi: Gozareshha-ye Mahramana-ye Vezarat-e Omur-e Khareja-ye Engelis dar bara-ye Engelab-e Mashruta-ye Iran, Vol. 1, 1906–08, Tehran, 1363/1984.Google Scholar
  29. Geertz, C., (1979), “Suq: the bazaar economy in Serfou,” in C. Geertz, et al.Meaning and Order in Moroccan Society, Cambridge, England.Google Scholar
  30. Gilbar, G., (1977), “The Big Merchants (tujjar) and the Persian Constitutional Revolution of 1906,”Asian and African Studies, 11 (3), 275–303.Google Scholar
  31. Goitein, S.D., (1966),Studies in Islamic History and Institutions. Leiden.Google Scholar
  32. de Groot, J., (1983), “Mullas and Merchants; The Basis of Religious Politics in 19th Century Iran,” inMashriq, pp. 11–36.Google Scholar
  33. Kano, H., (1978), “City Development and Occupational Change in Iran: A Case Study of Hamadan,” inThe Developing Economies, 16, (3), 298–328.Google Scholar
  34. Karbala'i, S. H., (1954),Tarikh al-Dokhaniyya, Arak, 1333/1954.Google Scholar
  35. Karbaschian, Gh., (1986), “Panzdah-e Khordad be Revayat-e Khatera,”Yad, 1, (2–3), 1365/1986.Google Scholar
  36. Kasravi, A., (1977),Tarikh-e Mashruta-ye Iran, Tehran, 13th ed., 1356/1977.Google Scholar
  37. Kasravi, A., (1971),Tarikh-e Hejdah Sale-ye Azarbayjan, Tehran, 6th ed., 1350/1971.Google Scholar
  38. Keddie, N., (1966a),Religion and Rebellion in Iran; The Tobacco Protest of 1891–1892, London.Google Scholar
  39. Keddie, N., (1966b), “The Origin of Rligious-Radical Alliance in Iran,” inPast and Present, No. 34, pp. 70–80.Google Scholar
  40. Key Ostovan, H., (1949),Siyasat-e Movazena-ye Manfi dar Majles-e Chahardahom, Tehran, 1327/1949.Google Scholar
  41. Lambton, A., (1961), “Persian Society Under the Qajars,”Royal Central Asian Journal, 48, (2), 123–39.Google Scholar
  42. Lambton, A., (1962), “The Merchant in Medieval Islam,” in W. Henning & E. Yarshater, (eds.),A Locust's Leg, Studies in Honour of S.H. Taqizadeh pp. 121–30. London.Google Scholar
  43. Majles-e Shoray-e Islami, (1981),Ashna'i ba Majles-e Shora-ye Islami, Tehran, 1360/1981.Google Scholar
  44. Majles-e Shoray-e Melli, (1946), “Mozakerat-e Majles, Dowra-ye Avval-e Taqniniyya,” inRuznama-ye Rasmi-ye Keshvar-e Shahanshahi-ye Iran, Tehran, 1325/1946.Google Scholar
  45. Molk-Ara, A. M., (1946),Sharh-e Hal-e Abbas Mirza Molkara, Tehran, 1325/1046.Google Scholar
  46. Momeni, M. (1976),Malayer und sein Umland, Marburg: Geographiscischen Institute der Universitat.Google Scholar
  47. Mottahedeh, R., (1980),Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society, Princeton.Google Scholar
  48. Mottahedeh, R., (1985),The Mantle of the Prophet, New York.Google Scholar
  49. Mottahari, M., (1963), “Moshkel-e Asasi dar Sazeman-e Ruhaniyyat,” in M. H. Tabataba'i et., all.,Bahthi dar Marja'iyyat va Ruhaniyyat, Tehran, 1341/1963, pp. 165–230.Google Scholar
  50. Nazem al-Islam Kermani, M., (1967a, 1967b, 1970),Tarikh-e Bidari-ye Iranian, Tehran, Introduction, 1346/1967a, Section I, 1346/1967b, Section II, 1349/1970.Google Scholar
  51. Nejati, Gh. (1965),Jonbesh-e Melli Shodan-e San'at-e Naft-e Iran, Tehran, 1364/1985.Google Scholar
  52. Pahlavi, M. R. (1980),Answer to History, New York.Google Scholar
  53. Pour-Azar, K., (1976), “Hadafha-ye Shah az Karzar'Alay-he Asnaf va beh Vizheh Kasabe-yeKhord va Pisheh Varan,” inDonya, No. 10, Day, 1354/1976.Google Scholar
  54. Rabino, H. L., (1973),Mashrutiyyat-e Guilan va Yaddashtha-ye Rabino, beh Enzemam-e Vagaye'a Mashhad, Tehran, 1352/1973.Google Scholar
  55. Razi, M. (1953),Athar al-Hojja, Qom, 1332/1953.Google Scholar
  56. Rodinson, M., (1973),Islam and Capitalism, New York.Google Scholar
  57. Rotblat, H., (1972), “Stability and Change in an Iranian Provincial Bazaar,” Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  58. Ruhani, S. H., (1979),Barresi va Tahlili az Nehzat-e Emam Khomeyni dar Iran, Tehran, 1358/1979.Google Scholar
  59. Schweizer, G., (1972), “Tabriz (Nordwest-Iran) und der Tabrizer Bazaar,”Erkunde, 26, (1), 32–46.Google Scholar
  60. Shaji'i, Z., (1965),Namayandegan-e Majles-e Shoray-e Melli dar Bist Dowra-ye Qanun Gozari, Tehran, 1344/1965.Google Scholar
  61. Sharif-Kashani, M. M., (1983),Vage'at-e Ettefaqiya dar Ruzegar, Vol. 1, Tehran, 1362/1983.Google Scholar
  62. Seger, M., (1878),Tehran, Eine stadtgeographische Studie, Wien.Google Scholar
  63. Tabari, M. J., (1973),Tarikh-e Tabari, Vol. 3, trans., A. Payandeh, Tehran, 1352/1973.Google Scholar
  64. Taleqani, S. M., (1979),Jahad va Shahadat, Tehran, 1358/1979.Google Scholar
  65. Thaiss, G., (1971), “The Bazaar as a Case Study of Religion and Social Change,” in E. Yarshater,Iran Faces the Seventies pp. 189–216. New York.Google Scholar
  66. Torkaman, M., (1982),Qiyam-e Melli-ye Siom-e Tir, Tehran, 1361/1982.Google Scholar
  67. Torrey, C., (1892),Commercial-Theological Terms in the Koran, Leiden.Google Scholar
  68. Udovitch, A., (1987), “The Constitution of the Traditional Islamic Marketplace: Islamic Law and the Social Context of Exchange,” in S. Eisenstadt, ed.,Patterns of Modernity, Vol. III: Beyond the West pp. 150–71. New York.Google Scholar
  69. Watt, M., (1970),Islam and Integration of Society, London.Google Scholar
  70. Wirth, E., (1968), “Strukturwandlungen und Entwicklungstendenzen der orientalischen Stadt,” inErdkunde, 22, pp. 101–128.Google Scholar
  71. Wirth, E., (1974), “Zum Problem des Bazars (suq, carsi),” inDer Islam, 51, pp. 203–260;52, pp. 6–46.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Ashraf

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations