Black workers ambivalence toward Unions
Labor, Race and the Gutman Thesis: Responses to Herbert Hill
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KeywordsSocial Psychology Black Worker Political Psychology Worker Ambivalence
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- 1.Abram Harris, “A Black and White World in American Labor and Politics,” Social Forces 4 (December 1925): 381; Francille R. Wilson, “The Segregated Scholars: Black Labor Historians, 1895–1950,” Ph.D. diss. University of Pennsylvania, 1988, 322–331.Google Scholar
- 2.S. M. Sexton to W. E. B. Du Bois, 26 February 1903 inThe Correspondence of W. E. B. Du Bois I edited by Herbert Aptheker (Amherst, 1976).Google Scholar
- 3.Wilson, 257; Carter G. Woodson,A Century of Negro Migration (Washington, 1918), 152; Lorenzo J. Greene and Carter G. Woodson,The Negro Wage Earner, (Washington, 1930), 128–134, 259–264, 348, 146, 190–192.Google Scholar
- 4.Sterling Sperio and Abram Harris,The Black Worker (New York, 1931). The introduction indicates that Harris wrote the chapters on Blacks in coalmining and on Blacks and the UMW. See also Harris's “The Negro Worker in the Coal Mining Industry,”Opportunity 4 (February 1926): 45–47; Wilson, 322.Google Scholar
- 5.Herbert Gutman, Preface to the Atheneum Edition of Sperio and Harris'sThe Black Worker (New York, 1968), viii.Google Scholar
- 6.InHome to Harlem, Jake a former member of an integrated IWW longshoreman's union in Philadelphia has the following exchange with a white striker on the docks of New York which refutes the idea that Black workers were apathetic towards unions. Nope, I won't scab, but I ain't a joiner kind of fellah....When I longshore in Philly I was a good union man. But when I made New York I done finds out that they gives the colored mens the worser piers and holds the best o' them job for the Irishmen...keep you card...But I tell you, things ain't at all lovely between white and black in this heah gawd's own country. Claude McKay,Home to Harlem quoted in Ira Reid'sNegro Membership in American Labor Unions (New York, 1930), frontspiece.Google Scholar
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