Shell growth response of mussels (Mytilus edulis) exposed to toxic microalgae

Abstract

Mussels (Mytilus edulis) were exposed to the algaeAlexandrium ostenfeldii, Chrysochromulina polylepis, Gyrodinium aureolum, Gymnodinium galatheanum andHeterosigma akashiwo for 24 h; significant reductions in growth rate, as compared to the control, were observed after exposure toA. ostenfeldii, C. polylepis, G. aureolum andG. galatheanum at initial concentrations of 4.5 × 106, 110 × 106, 9 × 106 and 120 × 106 cells l−1, respectively. Exposure to high initial concentrations of the non-toxic algaeTetraselmis suecica (174 × 106 cells l−1) andIsochrysis galbana (610 × 106 cells l−1) showed no adverse effect on growth rate. When mussels with reduced growth were transferred to clean seawater, they recovered to > 90% of control growth within 2 to 4 d. Exposure to algal filtrates of the toxic algal cultures produced no reduction in growth rate.

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Communicated by T. Fenchel, Helsingør

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Nielsen, M.V., Strømgren, T. Shell growth response of mussels (Mytilus edulis) exposed to toxic microalgae. Mar. Biol. 108, 263–267 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01344341

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Keywords

  • Adverse Effect
  • Growth Rate
  • Microalgae
  • Growth Response
  • Control Growth