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Shell growth response of mussels (Mytilus edulis) exposed to toxic microalgae

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Abstract

Mussels (Mytilus edulis) were exposed to the algaeAlexandrium ostenfeldii, Chrysochromulina polylepis, Gyrodinium aureolum, Gymnodinium galatheanum andHeterosigma akashiwo for 24 h; significant reductions in growth rate, as compared to the control, were observed after exposure toA. ostenfeldii, C. polylepis, G. aureolum andG. galatheanum at initial concentrations of 4.5 × 106, 110 × 106, 9 × 106 and 120 × 106 cells l−1, respectively. Exposure to high initial concentrations of the non-toxic algaeTetraselmis suecica (174 × 106 cells l−1) andIsochrysis galbana (610 × 106 cells l−1) showed no adverse effect on growth rate. When mussels with reduced growth were transferred to clean seawater, they recovered to > 90% of control growth within 2 to 4 d. Exposure to algal filtrates of the toxic algal cultures produced no reduction in growth rate.

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Communicated by T. Fenchel, Helsingør

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Nielsen, M.V., Strømgren, T. Shell growth response of mussels (Mytilus edulis) exposed to toxic microalgae. Mar. Biol. 108, 263–267 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01344341

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Keywords

  • Adverse Effect
  • Growth Rate
  • Microalgae
  • Growth Response
  • Control Growth