Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 41–58 | Cite as

Ontogenetic patterns of volatiles identified in Dufour's gland extracts from queens and workers of the primitively eusocial halictine bee,Lasioglossum malachmum (Hymenoptera: Halictidae)

  • M. Ayasse
  • W. Engels
  • A. Hefetz
  • J. Tengö
  • G. Lübke
  • W. Francke
Research Articles


Ontogenetic patterns of volatile compounds identified in Dufour's gland extracts from queens and workers of the primitively eusocial sweat beeLasioglossum malachurum (K.) were compared. Only young unmated queens showed high proportions of isopentenyl esters, while macrocyclic lactones were dominant in old breeding queens, spring queens, and workers. In young queens the relative and absolute amounts of volatiles changed one day after mating. A discriminant analysis revealed significant differences in odor patterns of unmated and mated young queens. The fat body was the largest in young females, while eggs could be recorded only in breeding queens. Possible functions of different odor components in the investigated female groups are discussed.

Key words

Lasioglossum malachurum sweat bee Dufour's gland volatiles ontogenetic patterns of odorous compounds pheromones mating 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ayasse
    • 1
  • W. Engels
    • 1
  • A. Hefetz
    • 2
  • J. Tengö
    • 3
  • G. Lübke
    • 4
  • W. Francke
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Developmental BiologyAuf der Morgenstelle 28TübingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life SciencesTel Aviv UniversityRamat AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Ecological Station of Uppsala UniversityFärjestadenSweden
  4. 4.Institute of Organic ChemistryUniversity of HamburgHamburg 13Germany

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