Journal of Comparative Physiology A

, Volume 158, Issue 2, pp 235–238 | Cite as

Wave frequency recognition and absolute pitch for water waves in the clawed frog,Xenopus laevis

  • Andreas Elepfandt


The ability of adultXenopus laevis to identify water wave frequencies was demonstrated by go/no-go conditioning. The acuity of frequency recognition is of absolute-pitch quality.


Wave Frequency Xenopus Laevis Water Wave Absolute Pitch Clawed Frog 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



stimulus with response reward


stimulus with response punishment


discrimination index


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Elepfandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät BiologieUniversität KonstanzKonstanzFederal Republic of Germany

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