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Pressure shift of atomic resonance lines in liquid and solid helium


We show that for atoms trapped in a liquid He matrix the excitation and emission spectra can be quantitatively described by the bubble model which treats the matrix as an incompressible continuous medium. Comparison with experimental results shows that the model also holds for a solid matrix. The model is only valid in the case where the attractive He−He interaction dominates the attractive part of the foreign atom-helium interaction. Its failure in the case of implanted Na atoms is discussed.

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Kanorsky, S., Weis, A., Arndt, M. et al. Pressure shift of atomic resonance lines in liquid and solid helium. Z. Physik B - Condensed Matter 98, 371–376 (1995).

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  • 67.80
  • 32.80
  • P 32.70.J