Spin physics in solid helium: Experimental results and applications


We have observed optical pumping signals from Cs atoms trapped in solid4He. While the longitudinal electronic spin relaxation timeT 1 is found to be in the range of 1–2 s, the transverse relaxation timeT 2, as inferred from magnetic resonance linewidths has a lower bound of 150 μs, and is determined by magnetic field inhomogeneities. We present a quantitative discussion of how paramagnetic species trapped in solid He might be used in a highly sensitive search for permanent atomic electric dipole moments.

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Weis, A., Kanorsky, S., Arndt, M. et al. Spin physics in solid helium: Experimental results and applications. Z. Physik B - Condensed Matter 98, 359–362 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01338405

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