A model of Primary Prevention is presented, based upon recent developments in the author's explorations, and upon the animal and human stress research literature. The main elements involve the multifactorial reverberation over time among past biopsychosocial hazards, individual competence, crisis reactions to current stress, and psychosocial supports. Methods of preventive intervention are described in detail. These include crisis methods: anticipatory guidance and preventive intervention; and support systems methods: providing and orchestrating professional support, convening a support group for a target individual, organizing a mutual-help couple, recruiting a panel of natural helpers, fostering development of mutual-help organizations, and supporting the supporters.
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This article is based on a chapter by Gerald Caplan inA Decade of Progress in Primary Prevention (1986), Marc Kessler and Stephen E. Goldston (Eds.).
The research on which this article is based was supported by a grant from the Israel Cancer Association and by grants from the Shainberg Fellowship Funds of New York, which are gratefully acknowledged. The preventive work with children and their parents was conducted by the staff of the Hadassah Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in collaboration with Professor Zvi Fuks, Professor Shoshanna Biran, and their colleagues of the Hadassah Department of Radiation and Clinical Oncology, and with Professor Israel Tamir and his colleagues of the Hadassah Department of Pediatrics, Ein Kerem, Israel.
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Caplan, G. Recent developments in crisis intervention and the promotion of support service. J Primary Prevent 10, 3–25 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01324646
- Support System
- Primary Prevention
- Preventive Intervention
- Support Group
- Research Literature