Skip to main content

Electron and hole doping in NiO

Abstract

We have investigated hole doped (by lithium) and electron-doped (by nickel metal) NiO with photoemission (PES), inverse photoemission (IPES) and low and high energy electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Both types of doping create empty states approximately in the middle of the charge transfer gap of undoped NiO.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Mott, N.F. in: The metal insulator transition. London: Taylor & Francis 1974

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Hüfner, S.: Z. Phys. B58, 1 (1984); Z. Phys. B61, 135 (1985); Solid State Commun.53, 707 (1985)

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zaanen, J, Sawatzky, G.A., Allen, J.W.: Phys. Rev. Lett.55, 418 (1985)

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Kuiper, P., Kruizinga, G., Ghijsen, J., Sawatzky, G.A.: Phys. Rev. Lett.62, 221 (1989)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    van Elp, J., Eskes, H., Kuiper, P., Sawatzky G.A.: Phys. Rev. B45, 1612 (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Hüfner, S., Steiner, P., Reinert, F., Schmitt, H., Sandl, P.: Z. Phys. B88, 248 (1992). The onset of 3.5 eV in the optical absorption data agrees with the strong increase in loss intensity in the REELS data at high primary energies (see Fig. 2)

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Adler, D., Feinleib, J.: Phys. Rev. B2, 3112 (1970)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Bednorz, J.G., Müller, K.A.: Z. Phys. B64, 189 (1986)

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Horsch, P., Stephan, W.H., Szczpanski, K.V., Zeigler, M., van der Linden, W.: Physica C162–164 (1989)

  10. 10.

    Hybertsen, M.S., Steckel, E.B., Foulkes, W.M.C., Schlüter, M.: Phys. Rev. B45, 10032 (1992)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Eskes, H., Meinders, M.B.J., Sawatzky, G.A.: Phys. Rev. Lett.67, 1035 (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Bosman, A.J., van Daal, J.: Adv. Phys.19, 1 (1970)

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Austin, I.G., Mott, N.F.: Adv. Phys.18, 41 (1969)

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Wulser, K.W., Hearty, B.P., Langell, M.A.: Phys. Rev. B46, 9724 (1992)

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Kuhlenbeck, H., Odörder, G., Jaeger, R., Illing, G., Wull, Th., Freund, H.-J., Pöhlchen, M., Staemmler, V., Witzel, S., Scharfschwerdt, G., Wennemann, K., Liedtke, T., Neumann, M.: Phys. Rev. B43, 1969 (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Fujimori, A., Minami, F.: Phys. Rev. B29, 5225 (1984)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Zaanen, J., Sawatzky, G.A.: Can. J. Phys.65, 1262 (1987)

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Anisimov, V.I., Zaanen, J., Andersen, O.: Phys. Rev. B44, 943 (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Ehrhardt, W., Plummer, E.W.: Phys. Rev. B21, 3245 (1980)

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Claessen, R., Anderson, R.O., Allen, J.W., Olson, C.J., Janowitz, C., Ellis, W.P., Harm, S., Kalning, M., Manzke, R., Skibowski, M.: Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 808 (1992)

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Hüfner, S., Steiner, P., Reinert, F., Schmitt, H.: Z. Phys.86, 27 (1992)

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Powell, R.J., Spicer, W.E.: Phys. Rev. B2, 2185 (197)

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Goodenough, J.B., Wickham, D.G., Croft, W.J.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids5, 107 (1957)

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    van Veenendaal, M.A., Schlatmann, P., Sawatzky, G.A., Groen, W.A.: Phys. Rev. B47, 446 (1993)

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Kutsch, B., Weirich, M., Steiner, P., Hüfner, S.: (unpublished)

  26. 26.

    van der Laan, G., Zaanen, J., Sawatzky, G.A., Karnatak, R., Esteva, J.M.: Phys. Rev. B33, 4253 (1986)

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    van Veenendaal, A., Sawatzky, G.A.: Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 2459 (1993)

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Tommellini, M.: J. Electron. Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.58, 75 (1992)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Reinert, F., Steiner, P., Hüfner, S. et al. Electron and hole doping in NiO. Z. Physik B - Condensed Matter 97, 83–93 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01317591

Download citation

PACS

  • 79.60
  • 71.20
  • 71.28