Marine Biology

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 101–107 | Cite as

Habitat selection in the tropical polychaeteSpirobranchus giganteus

III. Effects of coral species on body size and body proportions
  • W. Hunte
  • J. R. Marsden
  • B. E. Conlin
Article

Abstract

Total body weight, tube length, abdomen weight and branchial crown weight of individualSpirobranchus giganteus (Pallas) living on four different coral species on the bank reef on the west coast of Barbados were investigated in 1986. Worms onDiploria strigosa were larger in all size parameters than those onMontastrea annularis, which were larger than those onMontastrea cavernosa, which were larger than those onPorites porites. The differences between worms onM. annularis andM. cavernosa were not significant. Variation in worm size on the different corals could result from variation in mortality and/or variation in growth. Whichever the case, larger worms may have higher lifetime reproductive success. Abdomen weight is an index of gamete production inS. giganteus, and increases with increasing body weight for worms on all corals. Moreover, larger worms do not have lower abdomen weight at a given body size than smaller worms. This may imply that faster growth does not reduce gamete production at body size. The coral species on which worms are largest are those most preferred by worm larvae in the laboratory and most heavily colonised by adult worms in the field. The results suggest adaptive habitat selection by planktonic larvae ofS. giganteus.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Al-Ogilvy, S. M. (1985). Further experiments on larval behaviour of the tubiculous polychaeteSpirorbis inornatus L. Hardy and Quievreux. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 86: 285–289Google Scholar
  2. Burke, R. D. (1986). Pheromones and the gregarious settlement of marine invertebrate larvae. Bull. mar. Sci. 39: 323–331Google Scholar
  3. Fretewell, S. D. (1972). Populations in a seasonal environment. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  4. Grosberg, R. K. (1981). Competitive ability influences habitat choice in marine invertebrates. Nature, Lond 290: 700–702Google Scholar
  5. Hadfield, M. G. (1986). Settlement and recruitment of marine invertebrates: A perspective and some proposals. Bull. mar. Sci. 39: 418–425Google Scholar
  6. Harper, D. G. L. (1982). Competitive foraging in mallards; “ideal free” ducks. Anim. Behav. 30: 375–584Google Scholar
  7. Hunte, W., Conlin, B. E., Marsden, J. R. (1990). Habitat selection in the tropical polychaeteSpirobranchus giganteus. I. Distribution on corals. Mar. Biol. 2/314 104: 87–92Google Scholar
  8. Mackay, J. F. C., Doyle, R. W. (1978). An ecological genetical analysis of the settling behaviour of a marine polychaete. 1. Probability of settlement and gregarious behaviour. Heredity 41: 1–12Google Scholar
  9. Marsden, J. R., Conlin, B. E., Hunte, W. (1990). Habitat selection in the tropical polychaeteSpirobranchus giganteus. II. Larval preferences for corals. Mar. Biol. 2/315 104: 93–99Google Scholar
  10. Meadows, P. S., Campbell, J. I. (1972a). Habitat selection by aquatic invertebrates. In: Russell, F. S., Yonge, C. M. (eds.) Advances in marine biology. Vol 10. Academic Press, London, p. 271–382Google Scholar
  11. Meadows, P. S., Campbell, J. I. (1972b). Habitat selection and animal distribution in the sea: the evolution of a concept. Proc. R. Soc. Edinb. (Sect. B) 73: 145–157Google Scholar
  12. Milinski, M. (1979). An evolutionarily stable feeding strategy in sticklebacks. Z. Tierpsychol. 51: 36–40Google Scholar
  13. Partridge, L. (1978). Habitat selection. In: Krebs, J. R., Davies, N. B. (eds.) Behavioural ecology: an evolutionary approach. Blackwell Scientific Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. SAS (1985). SAS user's guide. Statistics, version 5. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N. C.Google Scholar
  15. Scheltema, R. S. (1974). Relationship of dispersal to geographical distribution and morphological variation in the polychaete family Chaetopteridae. Thalassia jugosl. 10: 297–312Google Scholar
  16. Smith, R. (1985). Photoreceptors of serpulid polychaetes. Ph.D. Thesis, James Cook University of North Queensland, TownsvilleGoogle Scholar
  17. Strathmann, R. R., Barnscomb, E. S. (1979). Adequacy of clues to favourable sites used by settling larvae of two intertidal barnacles. In: Stanyk, S. E. (ed.) Reproductive ecology of marine invertebrates. University of South Carolina Press, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  18. Whitham, T. G. (1980). The theory of habitat selection examined and extended usingPemphigus aphids. Am. Nat. 115: 449–466Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Hunte
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. R. Marsden
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. E. Conlin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.The Bellairs Research Institute of McGill UniversitySt. JamesBarbados

Personalised recommendations