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Role of maternal antibody in protection from hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome virus infection in rats

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Summary

The effect of maternal antibody on the protection of newborn rats from infection by HFRS virus strain SR-11 was examined. Antibody to HFRS virus was transferred from immune dams to their offspring prenatally as well as postnatally. IgG antibody was detected in the sera of fetuses by IFA test (titers from 1:64 to 1:256) and in fetal fluids (1:32) obtained from the uteri of immune dams at 20 days after mating. In the sera of the newborn, IgG titers of maternal antibody ranged from 1:64 to 1:256 just after birth, reached a peak titer around 1:2,048 at 2 weeks after birth, then declined and disappeared at about 8 weeks of age. No IgA and IgM antibodies were detected in the sera of fetuses and newborns. After intraperitoneal challenge by strain SR-11 (102.2 LD50), death and infection of 2-day-old rats from immune dams were prevented by the presence of maternal antibody. The protective effect of maternal antibody remained in 8-week-old rats having an IFA titer of maternal antibody as low as 1:16, and even in some 10-week-old rats with negative tests for maternal antibody.

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Zhang, X.K., Takashima, I. & Hashimoto, N. Role of maternal antibody in protection from hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome virus infection in rats. Archives of Virology 103, 253–265 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01311097

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