The application of fire safety research using engineering methods is frustrated by conventional attitudes. The desire of researchers to always achieve a greater level of understanding means that they cannot recognize that satisfactory engineering solutions may be achieved with partial information. The desire of regulators to have simple rules and tests for administrative convenience contrasts with the need of designers to have maximum flexibility in order to arrive at optimum solutions. The magic numbers embodied in regulations are accepted without question, while any engineering solution is subject to a disproportionately high standard of proof. To move forward, rules need to have an engineering basis and to be goal-related: The purpose of the rules needs to be understood by both researchers and regulators.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers.
Thomas, P. H., et al., “Investigation into the Flow of Hot Gases in Roof Venting,”Fire Research Technical Paper No. 7, London: HMSO, 1963.
Thomas, P. H. and Hinkley, P. L., “Design of Roof-Venting Systems for Single-Storey Holdings,”Fire Research Technical Paper No. 10 London: HMSO, 1964.
Law, Margaret, “Fire Safety of External Building Elements—The Design Approach,”Engineering Second Quarter, 1978, American Institute of Steel Construction, New York.
Fire-Safe Structural Steel: A Design Guide, American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington D.C., 1977.
Yokoi, S.,Study on the Prevention of Fire-Spread Caused by Hot Upward Current, Japanese Ministry of Construction Building Research Institute Report No. 34, Tokyo, Nov. 1969.
This paper is reprinted fromFire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium, with permission from the IAFSS.
About this article
Cite this article
Law, M., Beever, P. Magic numbers and golden rules. Fire Technol 31, 77–83 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01305269
- Civil Engineer
- Great Level
- High Standard
- Simple Rule
- Partial Information