Note on a conjecture of toft

Abstract

A conjecture of Toft [17] asserts that any 4-critical graph (or equivalently, every 4-chromatic graph) contains a fully odd subdivision ofK 4. We show that if a graphG has a degree three nodev such thatG-v is 3-colourable, then eitherG is 3-colourable or it contains a fully oddK 4. This resolves Toft's conjecture in the special case where a 4-critical graph has a degree three node, which is in turn used to prove the conjecture for line-graphs. The proof is constructive and yields a polynomial algorithm which given a 3-degenerate graph either finds a 3-colouring or exhibits a subgraph that is a fully odd subdivision ofK 4. (A graph is 3-degenerate if every subgraph has some node of degree at most three.)

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Jensen, T.R., Shepherd, F.B. Note on a conjecture of toft. Combinatorica 15, 373–377 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01299743

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Mathematics Subject Classification (1991)

  • 05 C 15
  • 05 C 38
  • 05 C 85