We retrospectively evaluated the factors which might have caused excessive corneal astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in 29 eyes, in which surgical correction of astigmatism was indicated. In 18 eyes high astigmatism (5 diopters or more) existed before suture removal probably due to graft elevation (3×), wound dehiscence (3×), wound configuration abnormalities such as ovality/overcut (8×), and a thin recipient cornea (2×). The cause was unknown in 2 eyes. In 19 eyes the astigmatism considerably increased after all sutures were removed; astigmatism increased an average of 8.8 diopters (range, 5 to 16.5 D). Ten of these 19 patients showed graft elevation, despite the fact that the sutures were only removed after an average 22.9 months. In 3 other patients the astigmatism gradually increased over the years, long after suture removal; two of these showed graft elevation. The study demonstrates the possible instability of keratoplasty wounds, the change in astigmatism after suture removal, and the late apparently spontaneous changes in astigmatism after PKP in some eyes.
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Hoppenreijs, V.P.T., Van Rij, G., Beekhuis, W.H. et al. Causes of high astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty. Doc Ophthalmol 85, 21–34 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01268097
- Astigmatism correction
- Penetrating keratoplasty
- Wound healing