Population and Environment

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 23–40 | Cite as

Advantages and disadvantages of pregnancy and contraception: Teenagers' perceptions

  • Debra Kalmuss
  • Amelia I. Lawton
  • Pearila Brickner Namerow
Article

Abstract

Research has shown that teenagers' perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of pregnancy and contraception are significant predictors of pregnancy risk taking. This analysis examines the content and determinants of these cost-benefit sets, using data from 425 sexually active adolescents. The results indicate that teens' perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of pregnancy and contraception are neither strongly nor systematically related to each other. Moreover, the determinants of the four cost-benefit sets are varied, although there is some overlap between sets. Explanations of these findings and implications for future research and for the delivery of family planning services to teenagers are suggested.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alan Guttmacher Institute. (1976). Eleven Million Teenagers. New York.Google Scholar
  2. Allegeier, A.R. (1983). "Informational barriers to contraception." In: D. Byrne and W. Fisher (eds),Adolescents, Sex and Contraception. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  3. Arnold, F. et al. (1975). The Value of Children: A Cross-National Study, Volume I. Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West Center.Google Scholar
  4. Chilman, C. (1983).Adolescent Sexuality in a Changing American Society. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Crosbie, P.V., and Bitte, D. (1982). "A test of Luker's theory of contraceptive risk-taking."Studies in Family Planning 13, 67–78.Google Scholar
  6. Cvetkovich, G. and Grote, B. (1981). "Psychosocial maturity and teenage contraceptive use."Population and Environment 4, 211–225.Google Scholar
  7. Delamater, J. (1983). "An interpersonal and interactional model of contraceptive behavior." In: D. Byrne and W. Fisher (eds),Adolescents, Sex and Contraception. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  8. Delamater, J. and MacCorquodele, P. (1978). "Premarital contraceptive use: A test of two models."Journal of Marriage and the Family 40, 235–247.Google Scholar
  9. Foreit, J.R. and Foreit, K.G. (1981). "Risk taking and contraceptive behavior among unmarried college students."Population and Environment 4, 174–188.Google Scholar
  10. Helmreich, R., and Stapp, J. (1974). "Short forms of the Texas Social Behavior Inventory—An objective measure of self-esteem."Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4, 473–475.Google Scholar
  11. Kastner, L. (1984). "Ecological factors predicting adolescent contraceptive use."Journal of Adolescent Health Care 5, 79–86.Google Scholar
  12. Ladner, J.A. (1971).Tomorrow's, Tomorrow: The Black Women. Garden City, New Jersey: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  13. Loevinger, J. and Wessler, R. (1970).Measuring Ego Development, Volumes I and II. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Google Scholar
  14. Luker, K. (1975).Taking Chances: Abortion and the Decision Not To Contracept. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  15. McKinney, K., and Delamater, J. (1980). "Contraceptive risk taking by single women: A comparison of two models." Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Sociological Association.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, W.B. (1976). "Sexual and contraceptive behavior in young unmarried women."Primary Care, 3.Google Scholar
  17. Peacock, N. (1982). "Contraceptive decision-making among adolescent girls."Journal of Sex Education and Therapy 8, 31–34.Google Scholar
  18. Philliber, S., Namerow, P.B., Kaye, J.W., and Kunkes, C.H. (in press). "Pregnancy risk-taking among adolescents.".Google Scholar
  19. Reichelt, P.A., and Werley, H.H. (1975). "Contraception, abortion and venereal disease: Teenagers' knowledge and the effect of education."Family Planning Perspectives 7, 83–88.Google Scholar
  20. Zelnik, M., and Kantner, J.F. (1979). "Reasons for non-use of contraceptives by sexually active women aged 15–19."Family Planning Perspectives 11, 289–296.Google Scholar
  21. Zelnik, M., and Kantner, J.F. (1980). "Sexual activity, contraceptive use and pregnancy among metropolitan-area teenagers: 1971–1979."Family Planning Perspectives 12, 230–237.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debra Kalmuss
    • 1
  • Amelia I. Lawton
    • 1
  • Pearila Brickner Namerow
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Population and Family HealthColumbia UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations