Star chromatic numbers of graphs

Abstract

We investigate the relation between the star-chromatic number χ(G) and the chromatic number χ(G) of a graphG. First we give a sufficient condition for graphs under which their starchromatic numbers are equal to their ordinary chromatic numbers. As a corollary we show that for any two positive integersk, g, there exists ak-chromatic graph of girth at leastg whose star-chromatic number is alsok. The special case of this corollary withg=4 answers a question of Abbott and Zhou. We also present an infinite family of triangle-free planar graphs whose star-chromatic number equals their chromatic number. We then study the star-chromatic number of An infinite family of graphs is constructed to show that for each ε>0 and eachm≥2 there is anm-connected (m+1)-critical graph with star chromatic number at mostm+ε. This answers another question asked by Abbott and Zhou.

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Steffen, E., Zhu, X. Star chromatic numbers of graphs. Combinatorica 16, 439–448 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01261328

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Mathematics Subject Classification (1991)

  • 05 C 15