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The effect of reduced neopterin on the synthesis of several methylated indoles in the pineal gland of adult male golden hamsters, kept under standardized conditions

Summary

In the present study the effect was tested of reduced neopterin (RN) on the methylating capacity of the pineal gland of adult, male golden hamsters, housed under standardized conditions throughout the year. An effect of RN on the synthesis of a number of methylated compounds was, indeed, demonstrated. It is concluded that RN not only influences the indole metabolism by being the cofactor of tryptophan-hydroxylase, but that it might be involved in the regulation of other enzymes as well. Incubation with RN was most effective at the end of the light period. As this is also the time at which melatonin (aMT) injections cause gonadal atrophy in hamsters, kept under long photoperiod, this time of the day may be very important for aMT synthesis. A season-bound influence of RN was also demonstrated. The effect of RN was stimulatory in September, November and January for 5-methoxytryptamine (MT) and in November for 5-methoxytryptophan (MW) synthesis, but inhibitory in July. Furthermore, the effect of RN was stimulating for 5-methoxyindole-3-acetic acid (MA) and aMT in September, while the influence in the other months tested was absent or slightly inhibiting. These results suggest that the influence of RN in the pineal may be regulatory to various enzymes of the indole metabolism.

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van Benthem, J., Ebels, I., Balemans, M.G.M. et al. The effect of reduced neopterin on the synthesis of several methylated indoles in the pineal gland of adult male golden hamsters, kept under standardized conditions. J. Neural Transmission 62, 137–154 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01260423

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Key words

  • Pineal gland
  • melatonin
  • 5-methoxyindoles
  • day/night rhythmicity
  • reduced neopterin