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The American Journal of Psychoanalysis

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 351–362 | Cite as

Charles Dickens: The first (interpersonal) psychoanalyst or—a christmas carol: A literary psychoanalysis

  • Natalie Shainess
Article

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References

  1. Abraham, Karl (1921). Contributions to the theory of the anal character.Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis. London: Hogarth Press, 1942.Google Scholar
  2. Arieti, Sylvano (1974). The cognitive and volitional school. InAmerican Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., S. Arieti (ed.). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  3. Dickens, Charles (1843).A Christmas Carol. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1939.Google Scholar
  4. Fenichel, Otto (1945). Development of instincts and infantile sexuality.The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis. New York: W. W. NortonGoogle Scholar
  5. Freud, Sigmund (1916). On the transformation of instincts with special reference to anal erotism.Collected Papers, vol. II. New York: Basic Books, 1959.Google Scholar
  6. Kaplan, Fred (1988).Dickens: A Biography. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
  7. Sullivan, H. S. (1956).Collected Works, vol. II. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  8. Wilson, Angus (1970).The World of Charles Dickens. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie Shainess
    • 1
  1. 1.American Academy of PsychoanalysisNew York CityUSA

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