Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 73–78 | Cite as

Crossfostered drones ofApis cerana (Fabricius, 1793) andApis koschevnikovi (Buttel-Reepen, 1906) fly at their species specific mating times

  • G. Koeniger
  • N. Koeniger
  • S. Tingek
Research Articles


Reciprocal transfer of sealed drone brood between colonies ofApis cerana andApis koschevnikovi was successful and resulted in four colonies (two of each species) with a mixed drone population. Flights ofApis cerana drones occurred between 14.00 and 16.15 regardless whether they were in a conspecific or alien colony.Apis koschevnikovi drones also flew at their species specific time from 16.45 to 18.30. A variance estimation revealed that 99.4% of the total variance depended on the species of the drone. In contrast to theApis drone's general biological dependence upon the colony, crossfostered drones ofApis cerana andApis koschevnikovi showed an unexpected autonomy in chosing their mating flight time.

Key words

Reproduction drone social synchronisation Apis cerana Apis koschevnikovi 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Koeniger
    • 1
  • N. Koeniger
    • 1
  • S. Tingek
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Bienenkunde (Polytechnische Gesellschaft)Fachbereich Biologie der J. W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt a. M.Oberursel 1Germany
  2. 2.Agricultural Research StationTenom, SabahMalaysia

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