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Evolutionary Ecology

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 341–359 | Cite as

Competition and habitat selection in Namib desert tenebrionid beetles

  • David Ward
  • Mary K. Seely
Article

Summary

We tested whether intra- and interspecific competition could affect habitat selection in the two most abundant tenebrionid beetles,Physadesmia globosa andOnymacris rugatipennis, in a dry riverbed in the Namib desert. The spatial distributions of these beetles at the microhabitat scale were negatively correlated. We performed a removal experiment, progressively removing first 25% and then a further 25% of the population of the most abundant species,P. globosa, under the trees where most of the preferred food of both species is concentrated. There was no response ofO. rugatipennis to this removal in the tree habitat. In the open, barely-vegetated habitat where mostO. rugatipennis are found, the number of this species caught in pitfall traps increased following both removals and decreased followingP. globosa replacement under the trees. It appears that intraspecific competition forces someP. globosa to occupy the open habitat. Interspecific competition betweenP. globosa andO. rugatipennis in the open habitat reduces the number ofO. rugatipennis that can co-exist withP. globosa there. Removal ofP. globosa under the trees allows conspecifics in the open habitat to move under the trees, releasingO. rugatipennis in the open habitat from competition. This then results in an increase in the numbers ofO. rugatipennis in the open habitat as a result of immigration from neighbouring areas. We found that differences in foraging efficiency, measured as giving-up times in artificial food patches, create a likely mechanism of co-existence that explains the distinct preferences of these two species for tree and open habitats.

Keywords

competition community structure insects beetles detritivores Namib desert foraging habitat selection 

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Ward
    • 1
  • Mary K. Seely
    • 1
  1. 1.Desert Ecological Research Unit of Namibia, GobabebSwakopmundNamibia

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