Analysis of sequence specificity of 5-bromodeoxyuridine-induced reversion in cells containing multiple copies of a mutantgpt gene
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For studies on molecular mechanisms of mutagenesis, it would be advantageous to transfer mutant genes with specific alterations into mammalian cells and use the transformed cells in reversion analyses. In the present paper, we describe an efficient method for analyzing reversion events occurring in cells that possess multiple copies of a mutational target gene. This method involves amplification of the chromosomally integrated target genes with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction endonuclease digestion of the amplified product. Single reversion events that either create or destroy restriction endonuclease recognition sequences that encompass the site of the original mutation can be identified in a background of 10–20 copies of the gene that retain the mutant sequence. Using this method, we have analyzed revertants induced by 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line that possesses multiple copies of a mutant bacterial gpt gene containing a specific alteration. The results of this study not only demonstrate the effectiveness of this method for analyzing reversion of a single gene copy in transfectants possessing multiple copies of a mutant target gene, but also demonstrate that the sequence specificity for BrdU-induced mutations is the same in Chinese hamster cells as previously observed with mouse cells.
KeywordsChinese Hamster Ovary Cell Multiple Copy Sequence Specificity Chinese Hamster Ovary Restriction Endonuclease Digestion
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