Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 271–280 | Cite as

Relationship between DNA repair and cell recovery: Importance of competing biochemical and metabolic processes

  • S. C. van Ankeren
  • K. T. Wheeler


The relationship between the inhibition of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage and the inhibition of recovery from radiation-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) by hypertonic treatment was compared in 9L/Ro rat brain tumor cells. Fed plateau phase cultures wereγ-irradiated with 1500 rad and then immediately treated for 20 min with a 37° C isotonic (0.15 M) or hypertonic (0.50 M) salt solution. The kinetics of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage as assayed using alkaline filter elution were compared to those of recovery from radiation-induced PLD as assayed by colony formation. Hypertonic treatment of unirradiated cells produced neither DNA damage nor cell kill. Post-irradiation hypertonic treatment inhibited both DNA repair and PLD recovery, while post-irradiation isotonic treatment inhibited neither phenomenon. However, by 2 h after irradiation, the amount of DNA damage remaining after a 20 min hypertonic treatment was equivalent to that remaining after a 20 min isotonic treatment. In contrast, cell survival after hypertonic treatment remained 2 logs lower than after isotonic treatment even at times up to 24 h. These results suggest that the repair of radiation-induced DNA damageper se is not causally related to recovery from radiation-induced PLD. However, the data are consistent with the time of DNA repair as an important parameter in determining cell survival and, therefore, tend to support the hypothesis that imbalances in sets of competing biochemical or metabolic processes determine survival rather than the presence of a single class of unrepaired DNA lesions.


Colony Formation Plateau Phase Phase Culture Cell Recovery Brain Tumor Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. van Ankeren
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. T. Wheeler
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiation Biology and BiophysicsUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiation BiophysicsUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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