Skip to main content
Log in

Friction and wear behaviour of Kevlar fabrics

Journal of Materials Science Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Cite this article


Experimental results of a number of tribological tests carried out on aramid woven fabrics are presented in this paper. Kevlar Ht, Kevlar 29 and Kevlar 49 aramid plain fabrics were employed in this work. The friction and wear phenomena of the fabrics were investigated, considering both fabric-fabric and metal-fabric interaction. From the experimental data, the evolution of parameters such as static and dynamic friction coefficients, dissipated energy, volume loss of the material, wear rate, specific wear and wear strength were studied. Moreover, values of the static force needed to pull out a single fibre from the woven fabric were measured. All these data are important for the numerical modelling of impact on such materials. In fact, experimental findings on yarn failure mechanisms show that apart from tensile rupture, failure modes such as cutting, shearing and fibre degradation take place in fabrics subjected to the ballistic impact of low-and medium-calibre ammunition.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions


  1. W.J. Lyons, “Impact Phenomena in Textiles” (MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1963) p. 159.

    Google Scholar 

  2. “Ballistics Technology of Lightweight Armor”, AMMRC TR 73–47 (US Army Materials and Mechanics Research Command, Watertown, Massachusetts, 1979).

  3. R.A. Prosser,Textile Res. J. 3 (1988) 61.

    Google Scholar 

  4. C.M. Leech andB.A. Adeyefa,Comp. Struct. 15 (1982) 423.

    Google Scholar 

  5. D.K. Roylance,J. Appl. Mech. 40 (1973) 143.

    Google Scholar 

  6. C.L. Warfield andB. L. Slaten,Textile Res. J. 4 (1989) 201.

    Google Scholar 

  7. J. Amirbayat andW.D. Cooke,ibid. 8 (1989) 469.

    Google Scholar 

  8. P.H. Brorens, J. Lappage, J. Bedford andS.L. Ranford,ibid. 2 (1990) 126.

    Google Scholar 

  9. N. Sung andN. P. Suh,Wear 53 (1979) 129

    Google Scholar 

  10. R. Ramesh, R. Kishore andR. Rao,ibid. 89 (1983) 131.

    Google Scholar 

  11. B. Vishwanatah, A.P. Verma andC.V. Rao,Composites 21 (1990) 531.

    Google Scholar 

  12. C. Zweben andJ.C. Norman,SAMPE Quart. 10 (1976) 1.

    Google Scholar 

  13. B.J. Briscoe andF. Motamedi,Textile Res. J. 12 (1990) 697.

    Google Scholar 

  14. S. Backer,ibid. 21 (1951) 453.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Martínez, M.A., Navarro, C., Cortés, R. et al. Friction and wear behaviour of Kevlar fabrics. J Mater Sci 28, 1305–1311 (1993).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: