Experimental results of a number of tribological tests carried out on aramid woven fabrics are presented in this paper. Kevlar Ht, Kevlar 29 and Kevlar 49 aramid plain fabrics were employed in this work. The friction and wear phenomena of the fabrics were investigated, considering both fabric-fabric and metal-fabric interaction. From the experimental data, the evolution of parameters such as static and dynamic friction coefficients, dissipated energy, volume loss of the material, wear rate, specific wear and wear strength were studied. Moreover, values of the static force needed to pull out a single fibre from the woven fabric were measured. All these data are important for the numerical modelling of impact on such materials. In fact, experimental findings on yarn failure mechanisms show that apart from tensile rupture, failure modes such as cutting, shearing and fibre degradation take place in fabrics subjected to the ballistic impact of low-and medium-calibre ammunition.
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Martínez, M.A., Navarro, C., Cortés, R. et al. Friction and wear behaviour of Kevlar fabrics. J Mater Sci 28, 1305–1311 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01191969