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Human Ecology

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 217–240 | Cite as

Sustainability, equity, and natural resource development in Northwest Siberia and Arctic Alaska

  • Norman A. Chance
  • Elena N. Andreeva
Article

Abstract

Today, the search for new energy sources continues unabated throughout the North. At the same time, scientists are increasingly concerned over the degradation of the Arctic and sub-Arctic environment stemming from fossil fuel and other large-scale energy projects already underway. Similar apprehensions are expressed by indigenous peoples who have often suffered from the impact of such development. While the most dramatic evidence of environmental devastation and social disruption is found in the Russian North, serious problems are by no means confined to that area alone. Nor are these negative effects necessarily limited to the borders of the country in which they originated. Indeed, the deleterious environmental impact of our global industrial economy has become sufficiently profound that social analysts are beginning to ask whether development strategies that cause such harm to the Arctic and sub-Arctic region should continue; and if not, what should replace them. This article addresses these issues as they relate to questions of sustainability, equity, political empowerment, and human rights in northwest Siberia and northern North America.

Key words

sustainable development social equity natural resources northwest Siberia Arctic Alaska indigenous peoples 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman A. Chance
    • 1
  • Elena N. Andreeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs
  2. 2.Laboratory of Arctic Studies, Institute for Systems AnalysisRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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