Concrete pavement blowups are caused by axial compression forces induced into the pavement by a rise in temperature and moisture. Although many papers and reports were published on this subject, research in this area has not resulted in an understanding of the blowup mechanism and the derivation of a generally accepted analysis.
Recently, A. D. Kerr and W. A. Dallis, Jr., presented an analysis based on the assumption that blowups are caused by lift-off buckling of the pavement, due to a rise in pavement temperature and moisture. In their analysis the nonlinear axial resistance between pavement and base was represented by a bilinear approximation. In the present paper this assumption is dropped, and a nonlinear expression is used instead. Although the resulting formulation is nonlinear (geometrical nonlinearity in the lift-off region and material nonlinearity in the adjoining regions) it was possible to solve it exactly and in closed form. The solutions yield the post-buckling displacements and the corresponding axial forces.
A “safe range” of temperature and moisture increases was defined and it is shown, using the obtained solutions, how this range is affected by the thickness of pavement, the axial shearing resistance at the interface of pavement and base, and other pavement parameters.
The presented results should contribute to a better understanding of the mechanics of pavement blowups and the determination of the essential parameters. It also provides guidelines for prescribing measures to reduce or totally eliminate blowups in concrete pavements.
This is a preview of subscription content,to check access.
Access this article
Similar content being viewed by others
Repair of concrete blowups in Delaware. Engineering News Record95, (1925).
Richards, A. M.: Causes, measurement and prevention of pavement forces leading to blowups. University of Akron Research Report OHIO-DOT-10-76, October, 1976.
Darter, M. I., Barenberg, E. J.: Zero-maintenance pavement; Results of field studies on the performance requirements and capabilities of conventional pavement systems. Federal Highway Administration, Office of R & D Report FHWA-RD-76-105, p. 52, 1976.
Nussbaum, P. J., Lokken, E. C.: Design and construction of concrete pavements. Proc. international conference on concrete pavement design p. 52. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, February 15–17, 1977.
Woods, K. B., Sweet, H. S., Shelburne, T. E.: Pavement blowups correlated with source of coarse aggregate. Proc. Highway Research Board25 (1945).
Hveem, F. N.: Types and causes of failure in highway pavements. HRB Bulletin187, 1–52 (1958).
A study of blowups in rigid pavements in Illinois. Research and Development Report No. 18, Division of Highways, Department of Public Works and Buildings, State of Illinois.
Hensley, M. J.: The study of pavement blowups. Arkansas State Highway Department, Research Project 10, January 1966.
Bowers, D. F.: A study of the failures occurring in the concrete pavements of the Connecticut Turnpike and roads of similar design. Connecticut State Highway Department, June 1966.
Graham, M. D.: Summary of 1966 rigid pavement blowup survey. Research Project No. 245, New York State Department of Public Works, March 1967.
Stott, J. P., Brook, K. M.: Report on a visit to U.S.A. to study blowups in concrete roads. Road Research Laboratory Report LR 128, British Ministry of Transport, 1968.
Gardiner, D. E., Chamberlain, W. P.: Pressure relief joints for rigid pavements. New York State Department of Transportation Research Report, 1968.
Foxworthy, P. T.: Statewide survey of blowups in resurfaced concrete pavements. Interim Report, Joint Highway Research Project, Purdue University and Indiana State Highway Commission, February 1973.
Burke, M. P.: The world's most expensive pavement expansion joints. Ohio Transportation Engineering Conference, Preprint, The Ohio State University, April 4, 1972.
Gress, D. L.: Blowups on resurfaced concrete pavements. Purdue University, Joint Highway Research Project, Report No. JHRP-76-25, August, 1976. Also: Pavement blowups and resurfacing. Ph.D. Dissertation, Purdue University, May 1976.
Design, construction and maintenance of portland cement concrete pavement joints. National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Highway Research Board, Synthesis of Highway Practice, No. 19, 1973.
Andrews, R. D.: Buckling of concrete — A review. Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, England, Supplementary Report 430, 1978.
Levi, R., Perrin: Les risques de soulevement des pistes et des roies ferrees. Inst. d. Batiment et d. Trav. Public, Circ. Series I, No. 36, 1947.
Bergstrom, S. G.: Temperature stresses in concrete pavements. Proc. Swedish Cement and Concrete Research Institute at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, 1950.
Stabilini, L.: Über die maximale Länge der monolithischen Beläge für Strassen und Flugplätze, in: Stahlbau und Baustatik — Aktuelle Probleme (Grengg, H., Pelikan, W., Reinitzhuber, F., eds.) Wien-New York: Springer. 1965.
Kawaguchi, M.: Thermal buckling of continuous pavement. Transactions JSCE1, 1969.
Kawaguchi, M.: Thermal buckling of concrete pavements with joints. Transactions JSCE4, 1972.
Kerr, A. D., Dallis, Jr., W. A.: Blowup of concrete pavements. University of Delaware, Department of Civil Engineering Report, CE-81-20, 1981.
El-Aini, Y. M.: Effect of foundation stiffness on track buckling. Proc. ASCE, Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division102, EM3, 1976.
Teller, L. W., Sutherland, E. C.: Observed effects of variations in temperature and moisture on the size, shape and stress resistance of concrete pavement slabs. Public Roads16 (1935).
Kelley, E. F.: Application of the results of research to the structural design of concrete pavements. Public Roads20, 6 (1939).
Kerr, A. D.: Model study of vertical track buckling. High Speed Ground Transportation Journal7 (1973).
Kerr, A. D., El-Aini, Y. M.: Determination of admissible temperature increases to prevent vertical track buckling. Journal of Applied Mechanics45 (1978).
Kerr, A. D.: An improved analysis for thermal track buckling. International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics15, Nr. 2 (1980).
Kerr, A. D.: On the derivation of well-posed boundary value problems in structural mechanics. International Journal of Solids and Structures12, 1 (1976).
Samavedam, G.: Buckling and post-buckling analyses of CWR in the lateral plane. Railway Technical Centre, Derby, England, TN TS 34, 1979.
Kerr, A. D.: Thermal buckling of straight tracks: Fundamentals, analyses and preventive measures. Proc. AREA80, 1978.
With 15 Figures
Research supported by the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., Grant CME 8001928.
About this article
Cite this article
Kerr, A.D., Shade, P.J. Analysis of concrete pavement blowups. Acta Mechanica 52, 201–224 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01179617