Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 377–386 | Cite as

Performance on two cognitive tasks by dysphoric and nondysphoric students

  • Dana O. Dennard
  • Jack E. Hokanson


Mildly and moderately dysphoric undergraduates and normal controls participated in two tasks: estimating the percentage of reinforcements they had received on an ambiguous laboratory task and recognition of negative and positive adjectives after a 2-week presentation-test interval. The results indicated that moderately dysphoric subjects responded in a more negative direction than normals on both tasks; however, they displayed “distorted” processing on only one measure (underestimation of reinforcement rate in a low reinforcement condition). In contrast, the nondysphoric group displayed a positive, self-enhancing bias on virtually all the measures. The results are discussed in relation to theories of depression, and with regard to problems in assessing cognitive processes.

Key words

depression cognitive distortion 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dana O. Dennard
    • 1
  • Jack E. Hokanson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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