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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 517–541 | Cite as

Aerobic conditioning and stress inoculation: A comparison of stress-management interventions

  • Bonita C. Long
Article

Abstract

This study compared the efficacy of a jogging program [aerobic conditioning (AC)] with stress-inoculation training (SI) and a waiting list control (WL) in the treatment of chronic intermittent stress. The participants were community residents; 48 were females and 25 were males. Therapy sessions were conducted over a 10-week period with subjects meeting in small groups for 1 1/2 hours per week. Homework assignments and activities were also completed. The State and Trait Anxiety Inventories, Tension Thermometer, Thought-Listing Technique, and Self-Efficacy Scale were administered at pre, post, and 3-month follow-up. An individual difference variable, cognitive/somatic anxiety, was used to assess differential treatment effectiveness. In addition, a submaximal bicycle ergometer test was utilized to predict maximum oxygen uptake (MVO2), a measure of cardiovascular fitness. Repeated-measures multivariate analyses indicated that both the AC and the SI were effective in reducing self-reported anxiety and increasing self-efficacy and that these changes were maintained 3 months after completing the program. Subjects in AC improved their cardiovascular fitness compared to SI and WL groups. It was concluded that participation in AC was a viable alternative to SI as a stress-management treatment. Although the pattern of changes differed between treatment groups and among types of individuals from pre- to posttesting on some measures, at 3-month follow-up few differences were found between treatment groups.

Keywords

Maximum Oxygen Uptake Wait List Control Wait List Homework Assignment Cardiovascular Fitness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonita C. Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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