Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 517–541 | Cite as

Aerobic conditioning and stress inoculation: A comparison of stress-management interventions

  • Bonita C. Long


This study compared the efficacy of a jogging program [aerobic conditioning (AC)] with stress-inoculation training (SI) and a waiting list control (WL) in the treatment of chronic intermittent stress. The participants were community residents; 48 were females and 25 were males. Therapy sessions were conducted over a 10-week period with subjects meeting in small groups for 1 1/2 hours per week. Homework assignments and activities were also completed. The State and Trait Anxiety Inventories, Tension Thermometer, Thought-Listing Technique, and Self-Efficacy Scale were administered at pre, post, and 3-month follow-up. An individual difference variable, cognitive/somatic anxiety, was used to assess differential treatment effectiveness. In addition, a submaximal bicycle ergometer test was utilized to predict maximum oxygen uptake (MVO2), a measure of cardiovascular fitness. Repeated-measures multivariate analyses indicated that both the AC and the SI were effective in reducing self-reported anxiety and increasing self-efficacy and that these changes were maintained 3 months after completing the program. Subjects in AC improved their cardiovascular fitness compared to SI and WL groups. It was concluded that participation in AC was a viable alternative to SI as a stress-management treatment. Although the pattern of changes differed between treatment groups and among types of individuals from pre- to posttesting on some measures, at 3-month follow-up few differences were found between treatment groups.


Maximum Oxygen Uptake Wait List Control Wait List Homework Assignment Cardiovascular Fitness 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonita C. Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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