Skip to main content
Log in

Random sampling of thought and mood

  • Published:
Cognitive Therapy and Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript


In two studies, subjects were interrupted at unpredictable times and asked to rate their immediate experience on 42 rating scales tapping thought and mood variables. In the first study, the interruptions were random signals in the subject's natural everyday environment; in the second study, the interruptions occurred while subjects watched the movie Annie Hall.Both sets of ratings were subjected to identical factor analyses, and factor structures were quite similar. Stable factors were identified as Aggressive/Bad Mood, Pleasant Sexual, Daydreaming/Past Sexual, Clear Thought, Self-Critical, and Thought or Mood Duration.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Cattell, R. B. (1957).Personality and motivation structure and measurement. New York: World Book.

    Google Scholar 

  • Csikszentmihalyi, M., Larson, R., & Prescott, S. (1977). The ecology of adolescent activities and experiences.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 6 281–294.

    Google Scholar 

  • Graef, R. S., Gianinno, Csikszentihalyi, M., Rich, E. III. (1978).The effects of instrumental thoughts and daydreams on the quality of people's everyday life experiences. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Toronto.

  • Hurlburt, R. T. (1976).Self observation and self control. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of South Dakota.

  • Hurlburt, R. T. (1978).Random sampling of cognition and other ways of exploring conciousness. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Toronto.

  • Hurlburt, R. T. (1979). Random sampling of cognition and behavior.Journal of Research in Personality, 13 103–111.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hurlburt, R. T. (1980). Validation and correlation of thought sampling with retrospective measures.Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4 235–238.

    Google Scholar 

  • Izard, C. E. (1972).Patterns of emotion. New York: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Joffee, C. H. (Producer). (1977).Annie Hall. New York: United Artists. (Film).

    Google Scholar 

  • Klinger, E. (1974). Utterances to evaluate steps and control attention distinguish operant from respondent thought while thinking out loud.Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 4 44–45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Klinger, E. (1978). Modes of normal conscious flow. In K. S. Pope & J. L. Singer (Eds.),The stream of consciousness: Scientific investigation into the flow of human experience. New York: Plenum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Klinger, E. (1978–1979). Dimensions of thought and imagery in normal waking states.Journal of Altered States of Consciousness, 4 97–113.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pope, K. S. (1977).The stream of consciousness. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yale University.

  • Singer J. L., & Antrobus, J. S. (1970).Imaginal processes inventory. Princeton: Educational Testing Service.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hurlburt, R.T., Lech, B.C. & Saltman, S. Random sampling of thought and mood. Cogn Ther Res 8, 263–275 (1984).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: