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Effect of transient stress on acoustic emission behaviour during firing of dental porcelain

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Acoustic emission activity was measured in the glass transition range of dental porcelain during firing. Transient and residual stresses in porcelain during cooling from a temperature higher than porcelain sag point and during re-heating of the tempered porcelain were calculated by computer simulation using a viscoelastic stress analysis. The detected acoustic emission event was discussed with the relative rules of the simulated transient stresses. High acoustic emission activity was detected at the temperature where the internal stress faded away for heating and build up for cooling. The low-level acoustic emission pulses were only detected in the following conditions: (1) in the temperature range where porcelain behaved like an elastic solid; (2) at temperatures higher than the deformation point of porcelain; (3) with a re-heating process of the porcelain without tempered stress. From these results, it was concluded that elastic energy is released related to transient stress in porcelain during viscoelastic deformation and can be detected by the acoustic emission method. The acoustic emission method is considered to be helpful in non-destructive testing in order to understand transient stress due to viscoelastic deformation of glassy materials in heat treatment.

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Asaoka, K., Yoshida, K. & Sakamaki, K. Effect of transient stress on acoustic emission behaviour during firing of dental porcelain. J Mater Sci 27, 3118–3122 (1992).

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