Advertisement

African Archaeological Review

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 105–114 | Cite as

Predynastic Egypt: new data from Maadi

  • Isabella Caneva
  • Marcella Frangipane
  • Alba Palmieri
Article

Abstract

Recent research in the easternmost area of the Maadi village-site near Cairo has yielded new data concerning both the nature of the occupation and the economy of the predynastic communities in Lower Egypt. Imported objects and raw materials, together with specialized crafts, have already suggested the existence of well organized village life, enriched by trading activities and foreign contacts, somehow related to expanding spheres of prestige. These conclusions are now amplified by evidence for a wide range of fully domesticated animal and plant species, including the remarkable occurrence of the domestic ass.

Evaluation of both the artefacts and their distribution leads us to distinguish different areas in the site and to relate them to a long development through time. It is now necessary that more detailed typological comparisons be undertaken.

Keywords

Plant Species Cultural Study Imported Object Trading Activity Village Life 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Des recherches récentes dans la partie orientale du site de l'ancien village de Maadi près du Caire ont fourni de nouvelles données concernant la nature de l'occupation et l'économie des communautés pré-dynastiques en Basse Egypte. Des objets et des matières premières importés, ainsi que les artisanats spécialisés, avaient déjà suggéré que la vie au village était bien organisée, et enrichie par le commerce et par des contacts avec l'étranger, et que ceci était lié d'une manière quelconque à des sphères de prestige en expansion. Ces conclusions sont maintenant amplifiées par les évidences de toute une série d'espèces d'animaux et de plantes tout à fait domestiquées, y compris l'occurrence remarquable de l'âne domestiqué. L'évaluation des trouvailles et de leur répartition nous amène à distinguer de différentes zones d'activité dans le gisement, et les rattache à un long développement à travers le temps. Des comparaisons typologiques plus détaillées devraient maintenant être entreprises.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amer, M. 1936. Maadi: fouilles de l'Université Egyptienne.Chronique d'Egypte 9:54–7.Google Scholar
  2. Bökönyi, S. 1974.History of Domestic Mammals in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest: Akademiai Kiadó.Google Scholar
  3. Bökönyi, S. 1985. The animal remains of Maadi, Egypt: a preliminary report. InStudi di Paletnologia in onore di S. M. Puglisi (eds. M. Liverani, A. Palmieri and R. Peroni): pp. 495–9. Roma: Università ‘La Sapienza’.Google Scholar
  4. Caneva, I., Frangipane, M. and Palmieri, A. 1984. Recent excavations at Maadi. InLate Prehistory of the Nile Basin and the Sahara (eds. L. Krzyzaniak and M. Kobusiewicz). Poznan, in press.Google Scholar
  5. Hassan, F. A. 1980. Prehistoric settlement along the main Nile. InThe Sahara and the Nile (eds. M. Williams and H. Faure): pp. 421–50. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  6. Hassan, F. A. 1984. Environment and subsistence in Predynastic Egypt. InFrom Hunters to Farmers (eds. J. D. Clark and S. A. Brandt): pp. 57–64. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  7. Junker, H. 1912. Bericht über die Grabungen der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien auf dem Friedhof in Turah, 2.Google Scholar
  8. Menghin, O. and Amer, M. 1932.The Excavation of the Egyptian University in the Neolithic Site at Maadi. First Preliminary Report (Season 1930–31) Cairo: Misr-Sokkar Press.Google Scholar
  9. Menghin, O. and Amer, M. 1936.The Excavations of the Egyptian University in the Neolithic Site at Maadi Second Preliminary Report (Season 1932). Cairo: Government Press, Bulâq.Google Scholar
  10. Renfrew, C. 1972.The Emergence of Civilization. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  11. Rizkana, I. 1952. Centres of settlement in prehistoric Egypt in the area between Helwan and Heliopolis.Bulletin de l'Inst. Fouad Ier du Désert 2:117–30.Google Scholar
  12. Rizkana, I. and Seeher, J. 1984. New light on the relation of Maadi to the Upper Egyptian cultural sequence.Mitteilungen des Deutchen Archäologischen Instituts Abteilung Kairo 40:237–52.Google Scholar
  13. Sherratt, A. 1981. Plough and pastoralism: aspects of the secondary products revolution. InPattern of the Past: studies in honour of D. Clarke (eds. I. Hodder, G. Isaac and N. Hammond): pp. 261–305. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Tutundzic, S. P. 1985. The group of narrowing necked jars and one-loop handled vessels at Maadi in relation to the Palestinian ceramic ware.Recueil de travaux de la Faculté de Philosophie 15, 1:21–37.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cambridge University Press 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabella Caneva
  • Marcella Frangipane
  • Alba Palmieri

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations